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Statistics on the death penalty in the Palestinian Authority and under Hamas control in Gaza

YearNumber of death sentences by PA CourtsNumber of executions by PANumber of death sentences by Hamas courts in GazaNumber of executions by the Hamas government
Summary executions by Hamas Military wingComments
19952not applicablenot applicablenot applicableOne was released from prison, and one was executed in 2005.
19966not applicablenot applicablenot applicableTwo sentences were commuted to a life sentence of hard labor. Two were executed in 2005 and one was executed by the Hamas government in 2010.
1997not applicablenot applicablenot applicable 
199842not applicablenot applicablenot applicableTwo were executed in 1998. One was released from prison during an Israeli incursion into the city.
199941not applicablenot applicablenot applicableOne was released from prison, and one was executed in 1999.
200061not applicablenot applicablenot applicableOne was executed in 2000 and one in 2005. One was released from prison during an Israeli incursion into the city and another was released when the second intifada broke out. The whereabouts of the two others is unknown.
2001131not applicablenot applicablenot applicableOne was executed in 2001 and one in 2005. Four were murdered while in PA custody. Five escaped from prison during an Israeli incursion into the city. One was released and then died in an accident.
2002163not applicablenot applicablenot applicableThree were executed in 2002. Four were murdered while in PA custody. One escaped from prison. Two others - having fled from the prison when it was bombed during Operation Cast Lead (December 2008-January 2009) - were murdered by the military branch of Hamas. 
20032not applicablenot applicablenot applicable
200410not applicablenot applicablenot applicableOne was executed in 2010. Two were executed by the Hamas government in 2011. 
200515not applicablenot applicablenot applicable 
2006not applicablenot applicablenot applicable 
2007 
20085201One was murdered by the military branch of Hamas after escaping from prison during Operation Cast Lead (December 2008-January 2009).
2009132Two were executed by the Hamas government in 2010 and one was executed by the Hamas government in 2011.
2010165One was executed by the Hamas government in 2010. Five, including one Israeli citizen, were tried in absentia. Three were executed by the Hamas government in 2012. One was executed by the Hamas government in 2014. 
201111032One was tried in absentia.  Three were executed by the Hamas government in 2012. Two were executed by the military branch of Hamas during Operation Pillar of Defense in 2012.
2012563One was tried in absentia. One was executed by the Hamas government in 2013. Three were executed by the military branch of Hamas during Operation Pillar of Defense in 2012.
201301636One was tried in absentia. Two were executed by the Hamas government in 2013. One was executed by the Hamas government in 2014. Two were executed by the Hamas government in 2016. Six were executed by the military branch of Hamas during Operation Protective Edge in 2014. The whereabouts of one is unknown.
2014520One was executed by the Hamas government in 2016.
2015151One was executed by the Hamas government in 2017. One escaped from prison. The whereabouts of one is unknown. One sentence was commuted to life in prison. 
20160162Three were tried in absentia
201713One was tried in absentia. Three were executed by the Hamas government in 2017.  
Total7213912514
  • 3 death sentences were commuted to prison sentences.
  • 8 were murdered while in PA custody.
  • 11 were released from prison or escaped.
  • 8 are missing.
  • 15 Palestinians who had not been sentenced to death were killed by the military branch of Hamas during Operation Cast Lead (December 2008-January 2009). B’Tselem has only incomplete information about them. For more, click here.
  • One Palestinian who was not sentenced to death was summarily executed by the military branch of Hamas during Operation Pillar of Defense in 2012. 
  • 15 Palestinians who had not been sentenced to death were killed by the military branch of Hamas during Operation Protective Edge in 2014. 


* Data up to 31 July  2017. Sources: The Palestinian Human Rights Monitoring Group (PHRMG), The Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR), The Independent Commission on Human Rights (ICHR) and B’Tselem.

** Following a reclassification of the data, figures differ from previous reports.